Author Topic: FACTS about Diabetes  (Read 6914 times)

Offline JC Spencer

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FACTS about Type 1 Diabetes
« Reply #2 on: June 07, 2008, 11:57:48 PM »
Comments by J. C. Spencer
Type 1 diabetes is a growing concern among younger people.  Someone called me this week with grave concerns about a baby born with life threatening diabetes.  Sugar imbalance in your body can be lethal.  The importance of eating healthful sweets cannot be over stated.  We encourage participation in our self funding Pilot Survey.

If you are having any level of success with your diabetes by switching out regular table sugar for the sugar trehalose, please complete the General Public Health Evaluation FORM for Trehalose Nutritional Pilot Survey (For General Public without Huntington’s, Alzheimer’s, or Parkinson’s.)  This Form is available from the Home Page of The Endowment for Medical Research website

A young man by the name of Tom from the UK has a serious interest in Type 1 diabetes and has compiled and referenced information to help the layperson understand the challenge.

Let me introduce you to Tom.  Thanks Tom.:   

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Type 1 Diabetes Explained

June 8, 2008 | By Tom from the UK

Type 1 diabetes (also known as juvenile onset or insulin dependent diabetes) is when the body can no longer produce insulin (the hormone which helps your body to break down sugar/glucose) as a result of damage to the pancreas. It is a less common form of diabetes accounting for between 5% and 10% of all cases. However, type 1 diabetes can be lethal unless treated properly with insulin injections.

The cause of type 1 diabetes is still not fully understood. The damage to the pancreas generally occurs as the result of an auto-immune response by the body, where the body’s immune system turns on itself and attacks the beta cells of the pancreas (which produce insulin). The trigger behind this auto-immune response is unknown. Some researchers believe that it is a reaction to an infection. Others believe it is a genetically inherited weakness. More recent research suggests that type 1 diabetes could be linked to the nervous system, with faulty nerves in the pancreas possibly being the cause.

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop relatively quickly, in a matter of days or weeks. They can include:
- Increased Thirst Levels.
- Increased Hunger Levels.
- Increased need to Urinate.
- Loss of Weight.
- Blurred Vision.
- Fatigue and Weakness.

Apart from the above symptoms, sufferers of type 1 diabetes are also at risk of diabetic ketoacidosis. This is a serious blood chemical imbalance which occurs when the body’s cells do not get the glucose (the body’s primary source of energy) they require due to the lack of insulin. As a result the body starts to break down fat and muscle for energy. When the body uses fat for energy, it also releases ketones (fatty acids) into the blood stream which can cause:
- Hot and Dry Skin.
- Fruity Smelling Breath (similar to the smell of nail polish remover).
- Loss of Appetite.
- Abdominal Pain.
- Vomiting.
- Confusion.

Hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar/glucose) is another condition which affects diabetics, particularly type 1 diabetics. There are a number of causes but the three major ones are; alcohol (alcoholic beverages often lower blood pressure), overdosing on insulin (insulin injections are needed to lower your blood sugar to an acceptable level but taking too much can lead to hypoglycaemia) and calorie deficits (when your body does not get enough calories from the food you have eaten). The symptoms of hypoglycaemia can range from mild (which can usually be managed alone) to the more serious (for which you will usually require assistance) and include:
- Paleness.
- Shaking.
- Sweating.
- Temporary Loss of Conciousness.
- Convulsions.
- Coma.

If you notice any of the above symptoms then it is essential that you see your doctor. They will be able to perform a number of tests which will confirm whether you have contracted type 1 diabetes. Two of the most common tests are outlined below:

1) FAST PLASMA GLUCOSE TEST (FPG):- You will need to fast for eight hours prior to this test. Following your fast, your doctor will take a blood sample and measure your blood glucose levels. If your reading is above 126 milligrams per decilitre (mg/dL) this could indicate full diabetes. If this is the case the test will then be performed again and confirmed for accuracy. Failing this test twice (having blood sugar levels over 126 mg/dL) indicates that you have diabetes.

2) ORAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST (OGTT):- For this test you are again required to avoid food for at least eight hours. After this your doctor will take a blood sample and give you a sugary drink (glucose). A further blood sample will then be taken two hours after consuming this drink. For this test a reading of 200 mg/dL or over indicates the presence of diabetes.

If you fail either test the doctor will then investigate further to determine whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. If you are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes your doctor will prescribe insulin injections and advise you further. Unlike type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented or delayed. You will need to monitor your blood glucose levels at regular intervals throughout the day (using a home testing kit such as a glucometer) and you will need multiple daily insulin injections. Since your body can no longer produce insulin, these insulin injections will allow your body to absorb blood glucose and convert it into energy, preventing a build up of glucose in your blood. There are a number of different types of insulin available with each type working at different rates. Your doctor will be able to advise you further on which insulin type is best for you.

Although you will require insulin injections, diet and exercise still have a large part to play in controlling type 1 diabetes. Eating a healthy, balanced diet is crucial because it will help you keep your weight and blood sugar under control. It is particularly important that you eat carbohydrates regularly throughout the day to keep your blood sugar levels as even as possible. Regular exercise is also essential because it promotes good circulation and causes your muscles to absorb more glucose, lowering your overall blood sugar levels. Your options include walking, jogging, swimming, team sports and cycling but whichever you choose try and remain active for at least 30 minutes per day.

Upon discovering that you have type 1 diabetes you are likely to feel sad and disappointed. Dealing with the condition will be difficult in the early stages as you will have to make some quite significant changes to your lifestyle. However, at present there is no cure for type 1 diabetes so it is essential for your health that you embrace these changes. Over time your type 1 diabetes will become less of a burden and you will soon learn that it does not have to control your life. Yes your lifestyle will have to change but you can still lead a rich, enjoyable life as a type 1 diabetic.

Whilst every intention has been made to make this article accurate and informative it is intended for general information only. Diabetes is a medical condition and this article is not intended as a substitute for the advice of your doctor or a qualified medical practitioner. If you have any concerns regarding type 1 or any other form of diabetes you should seek the advice of your doctor immediately.

Blood Glucose/Sugar Information (Wikipedia)
Diabetes and Hypoglycaemia (
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (Yahoo Health)
Diabetes Study (CBC News)
Hypoglycaemia (Net Doctor)
Insulin Information (Wikipedia)
Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosis Information (Health A to Z)
Type 1 Diabetes Facts (Net Doctor)
Type 1 Diabetes Facts (Wikipedia)
Type 1 Diabetes Facts (
Type 1 Diabetes Facts (BUPA)
Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms (Yahoo Health)
« Last Edit: June 08, 2008, 07:18:21 PM by JC Spencer »

Offline JC Spencer

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FACTS about Diabetes
« Reply #1 on: June 06, 2008, 11:16:51 AM »
FACTS about Diabetes

Comments by J. C. Spencer
Diabetes is a growing and alarming health challenge that often leads to even more serious health problems.  Recently I have had doctors and health professionals challenge me on the benefits of trehalose.  While we are not making medical claims that trehalose treats or cures diabetes, diabetics continually tells us their sugar challenge is coming under control.  How can it be that the healthful sugar trehalose can help diabetes since trehalose is nothing but two glucose molecules bonded together with one molecule turned upside down?  I attempted to answer that question on a conference call yesterday that was recorded and posted for play back from our Home Page at  Trehalose no longer remains trehalose when the bond of the two glucose molecules are broken.  It would become just glucose.  We know that trehalose in most cases does not cause a sugar spike, therefore it appears that the bond is not broken, at least not immediately.  Trehalose is known to strengthen cell membrane.  We do not know how well it strengthens cell membranes in humans.  Obviously more research is needed.  When cell membranes are strengthened with trehalose, that indicates that trehalose remains intact with the bond not broken.  You may wish to replay my impromptu dissertation about the science of glycomics from our Home Page.

The following Q&A on Diabetes was prepared by The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Q: What is it?

A: Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in your blood.

Q: What are the health effects?

A: Diabetes can cause serious health complications, including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure and lower-extremity amputations. Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States.

Q: What are the symptoms of diabetes?

A: Frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, extreme hunger, sudden vision loss and a feeling of being tired are just a few of the more prominent symptoms.

Q: What are the types of diabetes?

A: The three most prominent types are:

- - Type 1 diabetes, or juvenile-onset diabetes, occurs when the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that create insulin, leaving patients reliant on synthesized insulin for the rest of their lives.

- - Type 2 diabetes, or adult-onset diabetes, occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin and eventually stops producing enough of the hormone.

- - Gestational diabetes is a temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy. If not treated, it can cause problems for mothers and babies. It usually disappears when a pregnancy is over.

Q: What treatments are there for diabetes?

A: For Type 1, healthy eating, physical activity, and insulin injections are the basic [traditional] therapies. Blood glucose levels must be closely monitored through frequent blood glucose testing.

For Type 2, healthy eating, physical activity, and blood glucose testing are the basic treatments. In addition, many people with type 2 diabetes require oral medication, insulin or both to control their blood glucose levels.

Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
« Last Edit: June 07, 2008, 06:31:30 PM by JC Spencer »